Do you suspect that your cat is anemic? Our Douglasville veterinarians provide information on the causes, signs, and symptoms of anemia in cats, as well as treatment options.
What is anemia in cats?
Anemia is a medical term that refers to a decrease in the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin in your cat's blood. Anemia is not a disease in and of itself; rather, it is a symptom of another disease or condition.
If you notice that your cat has been acting more lethargic than usual, seems uninterested in treats or other food, or is breathing rapidly even when lying still, they may be suffering from anemia.
What are the symptoms of anemia in cats?
The underlying cause of illness, as well as its severity and duration, determine which symptoms of anemia your cat will exhibit.
The most common symptoms can include:
- Rapid breathing
- Shortness of breath
- Lethargy or lack of energy
- Loss of appetite
Other symptoms may include:
- Increased heart rate
- Jaundice (yellowish color in eyes, skin, or gums if red blood cells have been destroyed)
- Pale or white gums
What should I do if I see signs of Anemia in my cat?
If your cat is exhibiting any of the symptoms listed above, schedule an exam with your veterinarian as soon as possible. A series of diagnostic blood tests may be performed by the veterinarian. This is commonly referred to as a complete blood count (CBC).
Your cat will need an official diagnosis and potentially more tests to identify which type of anemia he has, as well as the underlying injury, illness, or disease that’s causing symptoms.
If you discover blood in your cat’s feces or vomit, this is a medical emergency that requires immediate attention from your vet.
How is anemia treated in cats?
The severity of the underlying condition responsible for the anemia will determine what treatment plan is best.
Your veterinarian's diagnosis will be based on a thorough examination of your cat's medical history and clinical symptoms, as well as a physical examination. Bone marrow testing, a complete blood cell count, iron testing, and urinalysis may all be part of the exam.
Non-regenerative anemia in cats can typically be resolved by diagnosing and treating the underlying disease.
For secondary AIHA, the goal will be to treat the underlying cause, potentially with toxin antidotes or numerous antibiotics.
Your vet may also recommend changes to medication and diet. If your cat is diagnosed with severe anemia, a blood transfusion may be required.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.